Pakistan Struggles With Over 10 Million Hepatitis C Cases

Hepatitis C Cases

10 Million Hepatitis C Cases

In recent years, the alarming rise in hepatitis C cases has become a major concern for Pakistan. With over 10 million reported cases, the country is grappling with the burden of this life-threatening disease. The situation calls for urgent action and widespread awareness to combat the spread of hepatitis and improve public health.

The Growing Threat of Hepatitis C in Pakistan

Hepatitis C is a viral infection that affects the liver, causing inflammation and potentially leading to severe health complications. It is primarily transmitted through exposure to infected blood, often due to unsafe medical practices, intravenous drug use, or transfusions of unscreened blood. Pakistan faces a high risk of transmission due to various factors, including inadequate healthcare facilities, lack of awareness, and insufficient preventive measures.

World Hepatitis Day Seminar: A Call to Action

Recently, a significant awareness seminar was organized by Dr. Ziauddin Hospital to mark World Hepatitis Day. The seminar aimed to shed light on the global impact of hepatitis and its devastating effects on Pakistan’s population. Experts and healthcare professionals gathered to emphasize the importance of early detection, timely treatment, and preventive strategies.

The Role of Healthcare Professionals in Combating Hepatitis

During the seminar, several renowned healthcare professionals shared valuable insights into the prevention and management of hepatitis. Dr. Zulfiqar Dharejo, the additional director of the CDC Hepatitis Control Programme in Sindh, stressed the importance of seeking treatment for diseases before they pose a threat to public health.

Early Diagnosis and Timely Treatment

One of the key messages highlighted by Prof. Dr. Abbas Zafar, Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences at Ziauddin University, was the significance of early diagnosis in effective treatments. By encouraging individuals to get tested regularly, healthcare providers can identify hepatitis cases at an early stage and provide appropriate medical interventions.

Understanding the Transmission of Hepatitis B and C

Prof. Zaigham Abbas, head of Ziauddin University’s Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, provided critical information on the transmission of hepatitis B and C. He identified several sources of spread, including the reuse of unsterilized syringes and surgical equipment, lack of proper sterilization facilities, and the prevalence of quackery.

Pakistan’s Heavy Burden: 10 Million Cases of Hepatitis C

Dr. Khurram Baqai, Assistant Professor of Gastroenterology at Ziauddin University, presented a staggering statistic: Pakistan is burdened with over 10 million cases of hepatitis C, along with 5 million hepatitis B carriers. This alarming prevalence calls for urgent measures to prevent further transmission and improve healthcare infrastructure.

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The Potential to Prevent Premature Deaths

Dr. Baqai also highlighted the potential to prevent an estimated 4.5 million premature deaths in low- and middle-income countries, including Pakistan, by 2030. Focused efforts on vaccination, diagnostic tests, medicines, and comprehensive education campaigns can play a crucial role in achieving this goal.

Preventive Strategies for Hepatitis A and E

Dr. Fatima Jehangir, Chair of Ziauddin University’s Department of Family Medicine, emphasized the importance of preventive strategies for hepatitis A and E. Simple measures such as regular handwashing with soap and the consumption of clean water and food can significantly curb the transmission of these types of hepatitis.

Raising Awareness and Encouraging Preventive Measures

Overall, the seminar served as a powerful platform for healthcare professionals and experts to raise awareness about the severity of hepatitis infections. It further advocated for early detection, prompt treatment, and the implementation of preventive measures across the country.

The Way Forward: Collective Efforts to Combat Hepatitis

To address the rising epidemic of hepatitis C in Pakistan, collective efforts from all stakeholders are essential. The government must invest in improving healthcare infrastructure and access to medical services. Healthcare providers should continue to educate the public about the risks of hepatitis and the importance of regular screenings.

Enhancing Access to Vaccination and Treatment

One crucial aspect of curbing the spread of hepatitis is enhancing access to vaccination and treatment. Government-funded vaccination programs can target vulnerable populations, while affordable treatment options can be made available to those in need.

Strengthening Healthcare Facilities

The establishment of well-equipped and hygienic healthcare facilities is critical to prevent the transmission of hepatitis through medical procedures. Proper sterilization of medical equipment and adherence to infection control practices can significantly reduce the risk of infection.

Community Awareness Campaigns

Community awareness campaigns play a pivotal role in disseminating information about hepatitis and its prevention. By collaborating with local leaders and organizations, healthcare professionals can reach a broader audience and encourage the adoption of healthy practices.

Education in Schools and Colleges

Introducing comprehensive health education in schools and colleges is another effective approach to combat hepatitis. By educating the younger generation about the risks and preventive measures, we can create a more informed and health-conscious society.

Collaboration with International Organizations

Collaboration with international organizations can offer valuable support in the fight against hepatitis. Such partnerships can facilitate knowledge sharing, access to resources, and the implementation of successful strategies from other countries.

Empowering Healthcare Providers

Healthcare providers are at the forefront of battling hepatitis C. Continuous training and professional development can empower them to offer the best possible care to patients. Investing in their skills and knowledge will yield positive outcomes for the entire healthcare system.


In conclusion, Pakistan is facing an urgent public health crisis with over 10 million cases of hepatitis C. To effectively combat this epidemic, concerted efforts from all sectors of society are required. By raising awareness, promoting early diagnosis, and implementing preventive measures, we can reduce the burden of hepatitis and pave the way for a healthier nation.